Hypertension 101: What You Need to Know

Hypertension, more commonly known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition where there is excessive pressure in the blood, which can harm blood vessels and cause other health problems. Any individual may develop hypertension, but the risk increases as a person gets older.

According to the Global Health Observatory (GHO) data of the World Health Organization, hypertension is the cause of approximately 7.5 million deaths worldwide – this staggering figure represents about 12.8 percent of total deaths in the world. Moreover, high blood pressure is estimated to affect about 1.13 billion people around the globe.

Symptoms:

There are no conclusive symptoms of hypertension, though many people that have experienced this reported having severe headaches, nosebleeds, and shortness of breath. However, these are signs of a grave case of hypertension.

Causes:

The common causes of high blood pressure are:

  • Family history
  • Age
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol intake
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Stress
  • Diabetes
  • Sleep apnea
  • Kidney disease
  • Thyroid problems
  • Adrenal gland tumours
  • Congenital diseases

Treatment:

The best method of treatment for hypertension is making significant changes in your lifestyle. For one, a physician from a trusted medical clinic in Dubai will recommend that you cut back on your consumption of food high in salt and fat content. If you are smoking or regularly consuming alcohol, you will be advised to avoid these as well, as they may exacerbate your condition.

You will need to start eating healthy food, especially fruits and vegetables. These are rich in fibre and extremely low in salt and fatty content. In addition, you need to start to be more active to maintain a healthy weight and to keep your blood pressure to an ideal level. Your doctor may prescribe medications to help you maintain a normal blood pressure. These may include beta blockers, thiazide diuretics, calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, and renin inhibitors.

It will also help to regularly consult with your physician to monitor your health and help identify and treat any problem early on. In severe cases of hypertension, surgical intervention may be required. As such, it is essential for individuals who are prone to having this, or who already have this, to be vigilant in keeping an eye on their condition.

If hypertension runs in your family, it is highly recommended that you see a doctor regularly to monitor your condition and to help you take preventive measures. If you suspect that you already have this condition, consulting a doctor is even more imperative. Visit www.valiantclinic.com if you are looking for a medical specialist that you can talk to.