Rules of Composition in Photography

Photography is an art. As with most means of artistic expressions, individual creative input is the basis of creating impactful photography. Finding your own perspective to express what you feel at the exact moment you capture an image is the strongest determinant of a great photo. However, there are other factors that can influence the visual impact of a photograph – these are called compositional rules in photography. In this article, we will be discussing a few of these rules and how you can apply them in your own photographs.

1. Rule of thirds.
The rule of thirds is, perhaps, the most basic and commonly known rule in photography. To apply this, imagine the image you are seeing through the viewfinder or LCD of your camera is divided by 4 lines – 2 vertical and 2 horizontal – into 9 equal sections. You then place the subject of your photo along those lines or on the intersections of those lines. This will help you establish a point of interest in your photograph, and create balance in the imagery. For some cameras, this is easier to do with pre-programmed grids that can be activated through the built-in platform.

2. Leading lines
The eyes are naturally drawn towards lines. Leading lines in a photograph take advantage of that by drawing the eyes towards a subject, or by taking the viewer for a visual journey through the photo. The leading lines used in a photo do not have to be straight – you can use sloping, winding, uneven lines. It all boils down to artistic preference and application.

3. Symmetry and patterns
One of the most beautiful things about photography is the ability to capture details that are oft ignored in real life. Finding symmetry and patterns, whether man-made or natural, can make for a creative composition. Street lamps, doors, windows, and other everyday objects can be framed into interesting patterns through the lens of a camera.

4. Framing
Framing is using the physical elements within the local environment to frame a particular subject and draw the eyes towards a singular point in the photo. Through framing, you can isolate your subject and remove anything that may distract the viewer from the subject or point of interest in your photograph. This allows you to create a more focussed and cleaner image.

Most importantly, however, do not hesitate to experiment, combine, and explore different ways to create compelling photographs, whether your focus is Dubai baby photography or street photography. Remember that you are only limited by your imagination. Look for new perspectives to express the emotions of the moment, and make those expressions your own. For photography inspirations, visit